The term superfood has no scientific justification (as well as studies with human participation confirming the indispensability of this food in the diet), but this definition is usually called plant foods, saturated with vitamins and nutrients. Acai berries, Hawaiian spirulina, chlorella, mangosteen, and raw chocolate are a long list. Each of these products has a whole host of medicinal properties, and each has gained its famous fans.
In the list of superfoods for which Gwyneth Paltrow and Demi Moore are ready to stand in line, there are a number of products familiar to us from childhood. Most of them do not need to be searched for far away, they taste familiar and are easier to digest than exotic superfoods.
The jellyfish-shaped inhabitant of cans, who eats black tea, has long been considered an exclusively Russian specialty - a cure for all diseases and just a delicious drink. However, a few years ago, he blew up the HLS charts in another part of the world - the mushroom was grown and consumed in the USA. From Brighton Beach in New York - where the mushroom is believed to have started its triumphal march - to Beverly Hills, the mushroom's tonic, stomach and skin benefits have been widely appreciated. Unlike coconut water, Rihanna does not advertise it yet, but the New York Times writes about it, the mushroom is grown, called "big mommy", they meet to share healthy superfood, and bottled - the income from the sale of kombucha and other so-called "Functional" juices in 2009 amounted to $ 295 million.
These orange berries have just as much antioxidants as the acai berries that actor Matthew McConaughey puts into porridge every morning. Sea buckthorn contains a complex of useful substances: 10 vitamins, 24 trace elements, 18 amino acids and 22 types of fatty acids, as well as protein reserves. In addition, vitamin C, which is involved in all oxidation and reduction reactions and helps to strengthen the immune system, and the microelements tocopherol and retinol, which are responsible for proper cell regeneration and the absence of early wrinkles. Flavonoids, which are also found in sea buckthorn (but not found in acai), help the body fight swelling and allergens. And also - it is better to endure the cold. In a region where winter can last for six months, this quality is definitely worthy of the prefix "super".
We knew that birch sap is a real energy drink since childhood, but in the new century this superfood has reached other continents. For example, scientists from the University of Alaska Fairbanks conducted a study on the beneficial properties of juice and found that it contains vitamin C, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, magnesium, sodium, zinc and iron. And also - they wrote a guide on the safe collection of sap so as not to damage the birch. The help that birch sap can provide to the body is enormous. For example, juice contains saponins - these compounds bind to cholesterol and bile acids and lower blood cholesterol levels: a study on this topic was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The juice helps to remove toxins, removes puffiness, improves metabolism and strengthens the immune system.It's also delicious.
Quinoa and chia are considered good alternatives to animal protein. Buckwheat is not worse - 100 grams of cereals contain 13.5 grams of vegetable protein, which is easily absorbed by the body. Buckwheat contains iron, which improves blood counts, as well as tryptophan, magnesium and B vitamins, which have a beneficial effect on sleep and help cope with stress. A low glycemic index normalizes blood sugar levels, while calcium and phosphorus strengthen bones. Buckwheat is also used in cosmetology - buckwheat flour masks help to improve the complexion and relieve the skin of oily sheen.
There are enough vitamins in sauerkraut. For example, 100 grams of this product contains 60-70 milligrams of ascorbic acid, which is necessary for the proper functioning of the circulatory system and boosting immunity. Vitamins of group B, included in its composition, help to cope with irritability, lactic acid bacteria formed during fermentation of cabbage, support a healthy intestinal microflora. A nice bonus: for this superfood you don't need to go to Hawaii, climb the mountains of Tibet and have an iHerb account.
The combination of protein, calcium and 30 probiotics - "friendly bacteria" that help the gut to function properly - has already been evaluated in Europe and the US. For example, two years ago, Vogue magazine ranked kefir as a superfood and called it “the food of the future,” advising people to start and end the day with a glass of this drink. Kefirs with different tastes appeared on the shelves of California stores, and nutritionists began to recommend combining Russian superfood with South American - coconut water. True, scientists from the University of Rohampton in the UK conducted a study and found that not all kefirs are equally useful: fermented foods made at home have a beneficial effect on the body, and probiotics in store-bought kefirs can die at different stages of production and storage.
Cranberries are called "the berry of youth" - because of the vitamin C needed for the beauty of the skin and the abundance contained in this superfood. In addition, cranberries are rich in vitamin E and manganese, making them an antioxidant, copper, essential for a healthy heart, and other vitamins and minerals. Scientists from Tufts University in Boston conducted research and found that cranberries increase metabolism, strengthen immunity and protect the body from infections. “We found that cranberries are rich in healthy polyphenols,” said Jeffrey Bloomberg, one of the researchers. "They interact with other bioactive compounds in this berry and together protect the intestines." The scientist believes that the research has only opened the veil of secrecy and the future of cranberries as a superfood is just beginning.>