With the onset of cold weather, the main rule comes into force - to put on several layers of clothing, starting with thin and light ones and ending with denser and warm ones. The first layer is basic, this is thermal underwear. It must remove moisture, protect against overheating and hypothermia. The second is fleece clothing, thick sweatshirts and trousers with fleece lining or with quilted inserts, thin down vests. Their task is to keep warm. The third is a jacket with artificial insulation or a down jacket, preferably with protection from wind and moisture, for example, with a Gore-Tex membrane.
These can be regular city jackets, parkas or coats, or specialized sports jackets. Choose outerwear for the type of activity.
There are three factors to consider when choosing clothing to wear directly over your body.
First, the temperature outside. One brand usually produces several lines, designed for different weather. For example, Uniqlo in the Heattech collection has thin sleek models for every day, almost invisible under clothes. For cold weather and long walks, thermal underwear with pile from the Extra Warm line is suitable, and for severe frosts - Ultra Warm.
Secondly, the level of activity. If you plan on running or skiing, the base coat should absorb moisture well and dry quickly. Such underwear is characterized by a less dense weave, and in strategically important places, for example, under the armpits, it can be almost loose - this is necessary for ventilation. For sports and tourism brands, these models are labeled as light or medium (just do not confuse with summer ones), the description emphasizes the moisture-wicking properties, which can be combined with heat retention in sensitive areas.
1 of 6 X-Bionic Long Sleeve T-shirt ("Trajectory") © traektoria.ru Nike Long Sleeve T-shirt (Nike) © nike.com Bogner Fire + Ice Long Sleeve (Aizel) © aizel.ru Krimson Klover Long Sleeve ("Sports- marathon ") © sport-marafon.ru Leggings Accapi (" Trajectory ") © traektoria.ru Leggings X-Bionic (" AlpIndustria ") © alpindustria.ru
For leisurely skating, walking or other not very active types of recreation, you need underwear that will keep warm due to the pile and tighter weave of fibers. The warmest lines of thermal underwear are usually labeled as clothing for anglers and hunters such as Norfin.
1 of 4 Odlo long-arm t-shirt (oldo.ru) © odlo.ru The North Face (The North Face) thermal shirt © thenorthface.ru Oldo leggings ("AlpIndustria") © alpindustria.ru Norveg leggings (norveg.ru) © norveg.ru
Third, personal preference for materials. Artificial materials can be used in all types of thermal underwear, from the lightest to the warmest. They do well with both moisture removal and thermal insulation.
If natural fiber is your thing, look at wool. Woolen thermal underwear perfectly retains heat, it can be recommended for a long stay outside in frosty weather. But for active sports, it is not always suitable, since wool removes moisture more slowly. In addition, the softest wool may seem prickly to someone, and you need to put it on directly on your underwear, that is, the area of contact with the skin will be significant.
A compromise can be made from wool and synthetics: in areas with increased sweating, artificial fibers are used, and where more heat is needed (for example, lower back, shoulders), wool is used.
Another option is two-layer linen: the first layer is artificial material, the second is wool.
1 of 5 adidas (adidas) Wool, Polyester and Nylon Long Sleeve © adidas.ru Patagonia Wool and Polyester Long Sleeve T-shirt (AlpIndustria) © alpindustria.ru Wool and Elastane Leggings Mountain Hardwear (AlpIndustria) © alpindustria.ru Leggings from wool Ortovox ("Sport-marathon") © sport-marafon.ru Leggings from polyester and wool Bergans ("Sports line") © skiline.ru
Cotton is often recommended as an ideal material for linen, but not suitable for active sports. Cotton fabric quickly absorbs and accumulates moisture, dries slowly, while cooling the skin. Damp cloth can wrinkle and chafe; contact with it can cause prickly heat. If you don't want to ditch cotton altogether, look at models that combine it with synthetic materials, such as Uniqlo.
Also, when choosing thermal underwear, you need to consider the fit. In order to quickly absorb moisture and prevent it from collecting in drops, it must tightly fit the body.
Its main task is to keep warm. For everyday activities, thicker trousers, jumpers and sweatshirts made of synthetic and natural materials are suitable: neoprene, wool, cotton. For sports and walking, it is better to wear models with fleece and insulation in areas prone to hypothermia. The second layer should be looser so that air remains between it and the base layer, which will serve for additional thermal insulation.
1 of 8 Jacket Versta, 11 882 rubles. (versta.store) © versta.store Trousers adidas (adidas) © adidas.ru Trousers Bogner (TSUM) © tsum.ru Trousers Arc'teryx ("Sport-marathon") © sport-marafon.ru Trousers adidas (adidas) © adidas.ru Vest Fabiana Filippi ("Cashmere and Silk") © cashmere.ru Jacket Moncler Grenoble (net-a-porter.com) © net-a-porter.com Jacket The North Face ("Sport-Marathon") © sport -marafon.ru
In order not to freeze, you need to consistently insulate the whole body, from the top of the head to the heels. A hat or tight-fitting hood, scarf, gloves, socks - you cannot do without them if you plan to be outside for a long time. You can choose traditional woolen accessories, although mittens or gloves can get wet quickly. The best choice for playing with snow is fleece with waterproof inserts or ski, which will also protect from the wind.
Hats, scarves and socks made of mixed or synthetic materials are usually denser, thinner, absorb moisture better and dry faster. The warmest hats are fleece-lined, the warmest socks and knee-highs are made for skiers. Often in the area of the foot they are terry, however, for such socks, you may need a little looser shoes than usual.
If the wind is strong outside or you are going downhill skiing, you can protect your face with a balaclava. It's better to try it on before buying. Usually, the most convenient are those in which the front part consists of two fragments that are sideways on top of each other. Then the lower part of the balaclava is well fixed on the nose and can be easily removed under the chin when needed. The most functional balaclavas are made from artificial materials: they dry faster, which is critical for protecting the nose and mouth.
1 of 10 Kapor Re Vera ("Cashmere and silk") © cashmere.ru Hat with fleece lining The North Face ("Sport-marathon") © sport-marafon.ru Gloves Patagonia ("AlpIndustria") © alpindustria.ru Gloves The North Face (brandshop.ru) © brandshop.ru Moncler gloves (TSUM) © tsum.ru Uniqlo scarf (Uniqlo) © uniqlo.com Paco Rabanne balaclava (farfetch.com) © farfetch.com Salewa balaclava (KANT) © kant.ru Falke socks (net-a-porter.com) © net-a-porter.com Salomon socks (salomon.ru) © salomon.ru>