Be In Your Head: How To Choose The Type Of Psychotherapy That Suits You

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Be In Your Head: How To Choose The Type Of Psychotherapy That Suits You
Be In Your Head: How To Choose The Type Of Psychotherapy That Suits You

Video: Be In Your Head: How To Choose The Type Of Psychotherapy That Suits You

Video: Which TYPE of Therapy is Right? 2022, December
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Psychoanalysis

What it does: works with the subconscious

By and large, this is not even a therapy, but analysis - a practice that helps to better understand oneself: where do specific personal qualities come from in us, how stimuli and blocks are formed, why relationships with oneself, other people, and the world as a whole develop in a certain way. During psychoanalysis sessions, you can find out the hidden motives and understand why you are building your life in a certain way. For example, a person who grew up under the overbearing care of an overbearing parent may subconsciously sabotage any relationship for fear of being oppressed by a dominant partner. The psychoanalyst helps to connect events from a past life with the present, to accept your experience and work through it.

The classical method of psychoanalysis or psychodynamic therapy requires a lot of time: you cannot study yourself in a couple of months and ten sessions. Usually they work with a psychoanalyst for years and meet two or three times a week.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

What It Does: Explores how thoughts and feelings relate to behavior

Great for people who are ready to solve their pressing problems here and now: to work through specific situations and look for a way out of them. Cognitive behavioral therapy is based on two approaches. The behaviorist (aka behavioral) approach assumes that a person can be taught to behave in a certain way with the help of different stimuli. And at the core of cognitive therapy is the idea that our psychological problems and disorders are rooted in our way of thinking.

Broadly speaking, CBT allows you to change behavior through thoughts and feelings through actions. For example, this therapy can help identify external stimuli that provoke you to engage in self-flagellation and criticism. And also get rid of the behavioral patterns that interfere with your life (from irritability to smoking).

Gestalt method

What it does: Deals with the past to focus on the present and future

Gestalt therapy is perhaps the most humanistic of therapies. Humanistic therapies as a species aim to help a person reveal their personal potential, become kinder and sincere, learn to take care of themselves and those around them. “To love someone, you must first love yourself” is one of the most popular ideas formulated by humanistic psychologists.

The Gestalt method is based on the idea that all life experiences must have a beginning and an end. If some experience (gestalt) is not closed, we can unconsciously constantly return to the past and try to replay this situation - for example, transfer conflicts from previous relationships into new ones. During the sessions, the specialist helps to realize the incompleteness of some experience and to close it, which means, to get the opportunity to focus on the present.

Photo: Hanna Postova / Unsplash
Photo: Hanna Postova / Unsplash

© Hanna Postova / Unsplash

Existential approach

What it does: Answers the main questions of life, the Universe and all

It also refers to humanistic therapies, puts the person himself and his freedom of will at the forefront. Existentialist psychologists work with deep, complex and universal problems for all people, such as the lack of meaning in life, fear of death, total loneliness, absolute uncertainty.

“Being” therapy can be very superficial (as in coaching and training) and incredibly deep, but it always aims to help a person accept reality, using an individual approach. Everyone can experience existential horror, and this therapy can help you find your own unique way to deal with it.

Client-centered therapy

What he does: helps him figure it out himself

Psychotherapy also has its own fashion, and client-centered therapy is now at its peak. It serves as an excellent supportive therapy and suits a great many people. CCT is also based on humanistic ideals, but it goes even further and proclaims not the therapist, but the client (patient) as the main healer of his own soul. At one time, this idea that a person initially has enough resources to understand his own essence turned the world of psychology upside down.

In this case, the therapist only creates suitable conditions for positive changes, he respects the client's personality and helps him to build the boundaries of his comfort, explore the personality and realize its potential.

Hypnosis

What it does: Helps the person become more open to inner change

Rather it serves as an additional technique, rather than an independent therapy. It can help you deal with addictions and work through serious trauma that bring incredible mental pain to the patient (for example, related to violence). In addition, there is a separate type of hypnosis - Ericksonian. It is softer and lighter - a person does not completely plunge into a trance, but remains conscious and becomes more receptive to positive changes.

It is important to remember that not all people are equally susceptible to hypnosis (for some, it does not work at all). Hypnosis is not a panacea anyway, but it is a good tool when appropriate.

Narrative

What It Does: Helps you build your own story

Narrative practice can be considered part of client-centered therapy. In sessions, the therapist asks leading questions and helps you tell your own life story - one that will appeal to you, not your partner, parents, colleagues, and society at large. This is a mild supportive therapy that does not involve any specific recommendations and prescriptions from the therapist. Suitable for those who do not like advice.>

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