Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine have found a mechanism by which cells in the central nervous system repair themselves after damage. The regeneration process can be triggered by specially selected physical activity, according to a new issue of the journal Nature Neuroscience.
The neurologists used mice with multiple sclerosis as experimental subjects. They paid particular attention to the study of mature oligodendrocytes, which are responsible for healthy neurological functions. It is these cells that restore our nerve tissue by creating new myelin sheaths. In turn, the latter encircle nerve fibers and accelerate the transmission of nerve impulses between the brain and other organs.
After the end of the experiment, the hypothesis of American researchers was fully confirmed. Motor training helped to restore the rodents' nervous system.
Neurologists now hope that their discovered role for oligodendrocytes in nerve cell repair will help many patients. For example, those who have suffered a stroke or suffer from multiple sclerosis.
Harvard scientists have named the most beneficial product for the heart.